Arthur Knoll's "Firestone's Liberian Investment
(1922-1932)" ‘, in: Liberian Studies
Journal, Vol. XIV, no. 1, 1989, pp. 118-123.
‘The Open Door Policy: Past, Present and
Perspectives of the Liberian concept of Foreign Investment’, in:
'Liberia. Underdevelopment and political rule in a peripheral society'
(Kappel/Korte/Mascher, eds., Hamburg, 1986), pp. 150 - 191.
According to the
traditions of many African tribes their
ancestors were persons of small size. Although
no trace of their existence was ever discovered in West Africa
they are well-known to the peoples of this subregion. The
Sousou in what is now Guinea call them ‘Doki’, the Ouolofs in
Senegal call them ‘Kondrong’
while in Liberia they are called ‘Jinna’.
It is generally believed that before 1822 there were 16 different tribes
living in what was called the ‘Pepper Coast’, ‘Grain Coast’ or
One of them was (...)
In the beginning of the 19th century, groups of
free-born blacks, freed slaves and
mulattoes from the United States of America emigrated to the
west coast of Africa. In 1847, 25 years after the first successful colonisation, they
proclaimed an independent Republic, which they named Liberia. At
that time they numbered about 3,000: men, women and children.
The original publication of the
"Open Door Policy of Liberia -
An Economic History of
Modern Liberia" (1983)
now as pdf-file available.
The study covers the
prelude, introduction, growth and zenith of
foreign investments in Liberia.
the Doe Administration (1980 - 1990) and two civil wars
(1989 - 1997; 1999 - 2003) Liberia had
to start from scratch. To make things worse, in 2014
the country was struck by the Ebola epidemic, which
devastated an already weak public health system.
The lessons of the past
should not be forgotten.
1(460 pp.) Chapter 1: The Pepper Coast
Chapter 2: The origin of the Closed Door and Open Door
Policies 1847 - 1947
Chapter 3-10: Agriculture, Mining, Forestry (Firestone,
Chapter 10-13: Analysis of impact (Fiscal contribution,
transfer of technology, transport and communication)
Chapter 13: The change from a subsistence economy into a
developing economy 1900 - 1979
Chapter 14: Conclusions and Recommendations
In 2000, the United
Nations reported that Guus Kouwenhoven, a Dutch businessman,
belonged to then President Charles Taylor's 'inner circle'.
Guus Kouwenhoven - in Liberia known as 'Mr Gus' - is accused
of illegal arms trading and war crimes in Liberia during the
country's civil war. He was arrested in the Netherlands in
2005, convicted (2006), acquitted (2008), acquittal
overturned (2010). In February 2017 his trial re-opened in
On April 21, 2017 the Appeal Court found him guilty and
sentenced him to 19 years in prison. The court ordered his
immediate arrest. Guus Kouwenhoven, 75, did not attend his
trial and awaited the outcome of his trial in South Africa.
Interpol South Africa arrested Kouwenhoven in Cape Town,
South Africa, on December 8, 2017. The Dutch authorities
want him extradited.
On December 19, 2017 Magistrate Vusi Mhlanga of the Cape
Town Magistrate’s Court granted the fugitive Dutch war
criminal release on bail, under strict
In a reaction, State Advocate Dave Damerell said that the
Department of International Relations and Cooperation (DIRC)
had received a new extradition request from the Dutch
authorities. The case was postponed until January 12, 2018.
On that day, Kouwenhoven briefly appeared in court.
The magistrate again decided to postpone the case till
February 27, 2018.
To the surprise of many, on Febr. 27 the magistrate again
to postpone the case as Justice Minister Michael Masutha had
yet to sign the extradition order requested by the Dutch,
Cape Town Magistrate Court was told. No reason for the delay
was given. The case was postponed till April
20, 2018. The Kouwenhoven saga continues... meanwhile the
convicted war criminal is allowed to stay in his US$ 8
million mansion in Fresnay, Cape Town, overlooking the
The decision of
President Edwin Barclay (1930-1944) to adopt the US dollar as
the sole legal tender in Liberia
as from December 31, 1943 very
clearly symbolizes the political orientation of the first
African Republic as well as it's financial and economic
1743 map by Professor Johann Matthias Haas (or
Hasias), Heirs of Homann
The Colony of Maryland
(1831-41) became Maryland in Liberia (1841-57) which
was admitted into the Republic of Liberia on February 28,
1857, ten years after the creation of the first African
object or 'Kru money'? The origin of these objects is not known with certainty.
They were used among the Kru and the Grebo in southeastern
Liberia. They call them 'Dwin', 'tien' or 'nitien', meaning
water spirits, or 'Gods of water'. (more)
Alberts recorded music throughout Africa and in 1950
released the landmark 78 rpm set "Tribal, Folk and Cafe
Music of West Africa". The music on this release included
a mix of genres as well as detailed notes by leading
academics. The recording showed the intricate
connections between African and American music. Read
more on the website of
cdbaby.com and listen to all the tracks.
"President Tubman" by Ali Ganda and the Sierra Leone
Tubman Goodtype Songs of Liberia by
Congress-Woman Malinda Jackson Parker